Particularly in cities, the search for a parking space nowadays is often cause for concern. Finding the right space costs time, money, and aggravation, in addition to increasing traffic loads and emissions. Studies show that two out of three drivers are dissatisfied with the parking situation in large German cities.
In order to shorten the duration of future parking searches, Bosch has developed solutions that provide drivers with helpful real-time information regarding available parking spaces. This puts an end to needless driving around while looking for scarce parking spots. For this purpose, Bosch offers the perfect solution both for street parking as well as parking in garages.
Community-based parking is the connected solution for finding available parking spaces on the street quickly. Via sensors and connectivity hardware, vehicles identify available spaces as they drive past. Drivers looking for parking benefit from the data acquired by the community, and can be guided to available spaces in a more rapid, convenient, and precise manner using information displayed to them in real time.
Instead of a time-consuming search, vehicles can proceed directly to available spaces. This is an enormous benefit considering that each driver in Germany covers an average of 1,640 km each year while looking for parking spots.
To accommodate the requirements of individual drivers, the results of the digital parking search can be filtered according to preset criteria such as parking space size or availability of electric charging stations.
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The required vehicle sensors are already widely available thanks to park assist features installed as standard equipment. As a result, community-based parking can guide vehicles to the next available parking space without major retrofitting measures. Open parking spaces are identified as the vehicle drives past using ultrasonic sensors. The data is sent to the cloud – completely anonymized, of course. From there, the incoming raw data is processed with smart algorithms and shared with other community members as digital parking information – a parking area map or a parking prediction, say – via the available on-board instrument. This means that each participant can contribute to the parking community without any additional action, and they can also benefit from participation in the community at any time. The system functions according to the motto “all for one, and one for all.”
With active parking lot management, drivers can receive all information regarding their parking search in real time, for instance via smartphone, and be directed to the nearest available space.
Parking lot operators can view the availability status of their lots and access statistical data using a web portal. This is enabled by permanently installed sensors in the ground within parking garages or on the street. The sensors identify the availability status and report this information to the Bosch IoT Cloud, which creates a digital parking map and provides it to users. Additional services such as cashless payment or subscription functions can be integrated to simplify the parking process even further.
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Around 40% of all passenger vehicle accidents involving property damage occur during parking and maneuvering. Tight parking spaces often require multiple maneuvering actions, which can quickly result in dents and scratches. Getting in or out of a vehicle is nearly impossible when cars are parked tightly beside one another.
No wonder that almost two-thirds of drivers would be willing to relinquish control of their vehicles during parking maneuvers. As a specific response to such situations, Bosch has developed automated park assist systems that largely eliminate the need for driver input while entering and exiting parking spaces. Vehicles can autonomously enter and exit the space, no matter if it is on the street, in a parking lot, or in public and private garages.
Entering and exiting a home parking space or home garage is a daily ritual for many drivers, which nevertheless requires a great deal of concentration. The home zone park assist by Bosch simplifies these repetitive driver actions through automation. Examples include maneuvering the vehicle from the driveway to the carport, or from the driveway into the underground garage and then to the parking space. The driver can decide either to remain in the car during the process, or to monitor the parking maneuver from outside via smartphone.
The driver teaches the park assist the desired route by driving it through once manually. The start and finish points of the route are set at the beginning and end of the training phase. In total, up to ten parking procedures can be stored.
When the vehicle returns to the starting position, the home zone park assist conveniently and automatically maneuvers the vehicle to the destination parking space.
If the vehicle’s surround sensors detect a static obstacle in its path, the system applies the brakes. If only a minor course adjustment is called for, the system can even drive around the obstacle. All the driver needs to do is monitor the vehicle's movement, which can be halted by the driver at any time.
The remote park assist takes over entering and exiting the selected parking space. With this system, even tight spaces are nothing to fear. The driver can also exit the vehicle before the parking maneuver begins, which makes entering and exiting the space easier in situations such as when cars are parked closely side by side. The parking procedure is then initiated using a smartphone or the vehicle key.
The driver remains in charge of monitoring the vehicle, which maneuvers itself automatically only for as long as the driver continues to press the activation button on the smartphone or vehicle key. The park assist has control over the brakes, steering, engine, and transmission. Once the car reaches its final parking position, the engine is switched off and the parking brake engaged. Ensuring maximum safety during the parking maneuver, the vehicle’s surround sensors scan for possible obstacles.
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In the future, Bosch will be combining its connected and automated parking solutions to create an especially convenient full-service offering. With automated valet parking, the vehicle drives itself driverless and autonomously to its parking space inside the parking garage.
Drivers simply drop the vehicle at the appointed area near the garage entrance and starts the parking process, using a device such as a smartphone. The vehicle then automatically searches for and enters a suitable parking space. When drivers return, they wait for the vehicle to drive itself back to the pickup area. All that’s left is to get in.