Sense

Sense: Bosch provides the automated vehicle with all of its senses

In order to drive autonomously and safely, self-driving cars always need to be focused on their surroundings and their interiors with the aid of their sensors (“Sense”).

Sensors - the eyes and ears of automated cars

Cameras, radar, ultrasonic and lidar sensors are the eyes and ears of an automated car and supply all the information required by the vehicle to perceive its entire surroundings. Additional sensors are even aligned inward into the passenger compartment, enabling the system to make autonomous decisions as to whether the driver is capable of taking control of the vehicle again if necessary.

But automated cars are aware of even more than their immediate surroundings: using up-to-date, high-resolution digital maps and connected real-time data from the cloud, the vehicle can also access external information such as traffic or weather data. Taken together, the vehicle therefore avails of a solid basis of information for the smart vehicle computer, which uses it for exact calculations. For a safe and relaxing drive in a self-driving car.

Better

accident prevention

Using sensory data of the car’s surroundings, automated vehicles can detect critical situations faster and avoid them better than human drivers.

For

more relaxed driving

Automated vehicles can detect monotonous situations like traffic jams and take over the driving task. Thus, drivers reach their destination more relaxed.

get

Camera

The front camera detects and categorizes objects and other road users, traffic signs as well as road markings robustly and reliably and ensures a holistic understanding of the scene. Near-range cameras additionally generate a three-dimensional image of the immediate vehicle‘s surroundings.

Ultrasonic

Ultrasonic sensors emit short ultrasonic pulses that are reflected by obstacles (echo sounder principle). This enables a very fast and robust object detection. Due to their rather small range, the sensors are used in close range, especially for parking.

Lidar

The lidar (light detection and range) sends out laser pulses and calculates the distance to objects and other road users early and reliably based on the time required by the backscattered laser light - thanks to high resolution at a long range and a wide field of view.

Radar

The front, rear or side mounted radar uses radio waves to detect the precise position, relative speed and direction of movement of objects in almost all weather conditions, in darkness and in tunnels with just one measurement based on the time it takes for the waves to return.

Camera
Ultrasonic
Lidar
Radar
bosch_bbm_kt_automated_mobility_panorama_hotspot_05_kamera_desktop_1800x900px
bosch_bbm_kt_automated_mobility_panorama_hotspot_02_ultraschall_desktop_1800x900px
bosch_bbm_kt_automated_mobility_panorama_hotspot_03_lidar_desktop_1800x900px
bosch_bbm_kt_automated_mobility_panorama_hotspot_04_radar_desktop_1800x900px
supergraphic red

Camera

The front camera detects and categorizes objects and other road users, traffic signs as well as road markings robustly and reliably and ensures a holistic understanding of the scene. Near-range cameras additionally generate a three-dimensional image of the immediate vehicle‘s surroundings.

Ultrasonic

Ultrasonic sensors emit short ultrasonic pulses that are reflected by obstacles (echo sounder principle). This enables a very fast and robust object detection. Due to their rather small range, the sensors are used in close range, especially for parking.

Lidar

The lidar (light detection and range) sends out laser pulses and calculates the distance to objects and other road users early and reliably based on the time required by the backscattered laser light - thanks to high resolution at a long range and a wide field of view.

Radar

The front, rear or side mounted radar uses radio waves to detect the precise position, relative speed and direction of movement of objects in almost all weather conditions, in darkness and in tunnels with just one measurement based on the time it takes for the waves to return.




Moving autonomously in real traffic situations



New sensor technologies



Data fusion offers benefits

What is happening around the vehicle?

One requirement for automated driving involves reliable and precise perception of the surroundings. As the vehicle is required to move autonomously in real traffic situations, it must be able to detect and localize all relevant road users within the entire vehicle environment (360 degrees). This entails several sensors applying various surveying principles to monitor each area of the vehicle’s surroundings. This redundancy improves the reliability and stability of information. Most of the sensors required for these tasks are already in volume production today.

In some cases, radar, video and ultrasonic sensors are not sufficient to ensure that plausible data is received from at least two sensors at all times. This is why Bosch is working on new sensor technologies, such as long-range lidar, to meet the high demands on surroundings perception. The data from the individual sensors is fused. This fusion broadens the measuring range and increases the reliability and accuracy of the measurements. This makes assisted and automated driving even safer and more comfortable.

In this way, the fusion of radar, camera, and lidar data can be used to detect thin silhouettes and plastic trim components even more reliably, the radar sensor technology includes speed limits detected by the camera in the driving strategy, and the fusion of data from ultrasonic sensors and the near-range camera not only enables and simplifies more complex parking maneuvers, but also makes them safer and more comfortable.

Multipurpose camera Long-range radar
Background

Seeing more reliably with AI: multipurpose camera

The front video camera plays a key role in assisted and automated driving because the vehicle has to be able to detect objects and people reliably at all times. To ensure robust object detection, classic image-processing algorithms are combined with artificial-intelligence methods.

Learn more

Fundamental sensor technology: long-range radar

With the first long-range lidar (light detection and ranging) suitable for the mass market, Bosch is introducing a sensor technology that is vital for automated driving. The laser-based distance meter is essential when it comes to ensuring the reliable availability of automated driving functions according to SAE Levels 3 to 5.

Learn more

A robust and precise localization

Precise localization

A basic requirement for highly and fully automated driving is represented by vehicle localization which must be both exact and constantly available. A single sensor is unable to fulfill these requirements which is why a combination of surround sensors with satellite navigation and correction service as well as inertial sensors and a digital map is used. High-definition digital maps are used for this purpose which contain far more layers of information than the maps for standard sat-nav devices.

They also support the automated vehicle in planning individual driving maneuvers, e. g. whether the vehicle should change lanes or not. Through connectivity with the cloud, the data contained in the maps are constantly updated enabling inclusion of dynamic factors in travel plans. For the so-called road signature, Bosch has developed a pioneering solution for creating key parts of high-definition maps using vehicles’ radar and video sensors, literally as they drive by.

Please contact us

Contact icon

Contact form
Bosch Mobility Solutions

Are you interested in our solutions? Please don't hesitate to contact us! We will be glad to help you.

Start enquiry