Sense, Think, Act

Sense, Think, Act:
What automated vehicles need to be capable of

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Information package for drivers

Infographic automated driving

Information package for journalists

Infographic automated driving

In principle, an automated vehicle needs to have the same skills as a human driver – only better. Firstly, it has to be able to perceive and interpret its surroundings (“Sense”). For this, it uses the surround sensors just like humans use their senses. Secondly, it needs to process information received and plan its driving strategy (“Think”). This task is undertaken by the vehicle computer using software and intelligent algorithms. And thirdly, it needs to use its powertrain, steering and braking power to move its wheels in such a way that the planned driving strategy is put into practice (“Act”). To this effect, the wheels of a car are its limbs while the sub-systems for accelerating, steering and braking represent its muscles. Electronic lines are the nerve pathways sending impulses in the form of data to the sub-systems and stimulating action.

With its solutions and expertise in each of these three areas (Sense, Think and Act), Bosch is ideally positioned to gradually revolutionize mobility with automated technology.

Sense Think Act

Sense

Automated cars perceive and interpret their surroundings

The surround sensors provide all the information used by the automated car for perception of its entire surroundings. In combination with high-resolution digital maps, they also ensure that it always knows its exact position. The sensors also keep a permanent eye on the driver and examine whether he or she is capable of taking control if necessary. Using connected services, the vehicle even knows about road conditions ahead and can adapt its driving behavior accordingly, e.g. in the event of icy conditions. Already today, Bosch has the requisite technologies for perception of the vehicle’s surroundings and has started volume production of many of them in its driver assistance systems.

More about Sense

Think

Automated vehicles learn and plan ahead

Automated cars decide in real time which driving strategy is the best in order to resolve the current traffic situation and reach their destinations. This task is assumed by the vehicle computer using the interpreted surround sensor data processed by the software. By using artificial intelligence in the software development the vehicle learns to better understand its environment. The software distinguishes between various objects such as pedestrians, cyclists, buildings or other vehicles and familiarizes itself with their respective characteristic behavior. This enables the vehicle to make reliable forecasts and to drive safely and proactively.

More about Think

Act

Automated vehicles drive safely to their destinations

The central vehicle computer calculates the values used by the vehicle’s powertrain, braking or steering system to implement individual driving maneuvers such as changing lanes, turning off or driving around bends. What direction needs to be steered in? How much acceleration or braking is necessary? Particularly high demands apply during automated driving for safety-critical systems and components which are designed redundantly for this purpose: If one of the systems is no longer able to fulfill its function, this is assumed by a back-up system. Bosch already avails of redundant system solutions for steering and braking.

More about Act

Perfect collaboration – in the car and in development

The complex demands associated with automated driving cannot be managed by a single company. That is why Bosch has concluded strategic partnerships with other companies and initiated numerous pilot and research projects. Such joint commitment covers many areas of automated driving and ranges from the development of innovative camera sensors and connected onboard systems through the generation of detailed , high-resolution digital maps to fully automated driving system for the city.

While some projects are based on technology already available today, such as sensors, others are clearly aligned toward the development of future technologies.

Find out more about the partnerships concluded, the resulting synergies, and how they help to get automated vehicles onto the road safely.

Safety inside: new interior monitoring system with artificial intelligence

The interior monitoring system detects driver drowsiness and distraction, and provides driving assistance.

The interior monitoring system detects driver drowsiness and distraction, and provides driving assistance.

International studies state that nearly one in ten accidents are caused by distraction or drowsiness. To avert such accidents Bosch has developed a new interior monitoring system featuring cameras and artificial intelligence (AI). The system is able to detect driver distraction and signs of drowsiness and it alerts the driver to critical situations. By keeping an eye on what is happening inside the car, it is hoped that a fundamental problem of self-driving cars will be solved. If responsibility for driving is to be transferred to the driver again following an automated drive on the freeway, say, the car needs to be sure that the driver is neither sleeping, nor reading the newspaper, nor writing e-mails on their smartphone.

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Pilot project for automated ride-hailing service started in San José

Bosch and Mercedes-Benz they are not interested in prototypes, but instead want to develop a production-ready system that can be integrated into different vehicle types and models.

Bosch and Mercedes-Benz they are not interested in prototypes, but instead want to develop a production-ready system that can be integrated into different vehicle types and models.

Bosch and Mercedes-Benz launched their pilot project for an app-based ride-hailing service using automated vehicles in the Californian city of San José. Monitored by a safety driver, the self-driving cars shuttle between West San José and downtown. The service will initially be available to a select group of users.

Bosch and Mercedes-Benz hope this trial will provide valuable insights into the further development of their SAE Level 4/5 automated driving system. Their common goal is a driving system for fully automated and driverless vehicles, including the software for vehicle management. However, they are not interested in prototypes, but instead want to develop a production-ready system that can be integrated into different vehicle types and models.

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Bosch offers a unique system for precisely determining the position of automated vehicles

Special sensors scan the vehicle’s surroundings to create a road signature.

Special sensors scan the vehicle’s surroundings to create a road signature.

The satellite data used by navigation systems is, on its own, not adequate for determining the position of automated vehicles with sufficient accuracy. What is needed is a holistic solution comprising hardware, software, and services. This is precisely the kind of package Bosch is now offering as a redundant system that is unique in the world. The motion and position sensor specially developed by Bosch makes it possible for vehicles to determine their own position with pinpoint precision. A network of stationary terrestrial reference stations is used to correct inaccuracies in the satellite data. Smart Bosch algorithms then process the data from the various sources to accurately determine the position. Finally, the Bosch road signature service provides additional redundancy using a combination of map-based localization and sensors that scan the vehicle’s surroundings.

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Bosch provides vehicles with a highly reliable feel for the road

The combination of vehicle data and weather data helps provide the necessary standard of safety.

The combination of vehicle data and weather data helps provide the necessary standard of safety.

Correctly judging the state of the road surface is essential for safe driving. This assessment has hitherto been based mainly on each driver’s own perception of the surroundings. Bosch, however, has developed a predictive road-condition service that enables the vehicle itself to identify potential hazards in good time. The new multiphase concept uses weather data from Bosch partner Foreca and vehicle data collected from all connected cars. All this information is combined and analyzed using smart technologies to produce an accurate prediction that not only enhances safety in vehicles of all SAE automation levels but will also ensure that the availability of all highly automated driving functions is maximized.

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Which automated driving type are you?

Automated driving is on everyone’s lips. But what does it mean? Automation can be distinguished into different levels, reaching from driver assistance systems to fully automated driving. On the latter level, the system is able to perform the complete driving task in every use case, meaning on all kind of roads and under all environmental conditions. The driver becomes a passenger who can lean back and do other tasks while the system is driving.

The following survey helps you test your personal attitude towards automated driving. All questions, even those related to your personal environment, will help to evaluate your attitude. Please select those answer options that fit your attitude best. The survey will only take a few minutes. Following the survey, you will get to know which automated driving type you are. According to your type, you will get interesting information about driver assistance systems and automated driving functions that are already available on the market.

So, do you want to know what the automated mobility holds for you?
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What do you think about cars in general?

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How much time per day do you spend in the car?

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What is your civil status?

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Where do / did you work?

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What is your highest educational qualification?

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Which are the interests you can best identify yourself with?

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What is your attitude towards changes?

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What is your level of knowledge in terms of automated driving?

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What fits your attitude towards automated driving the most?

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Can you imagine buying an automated car?

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In your opinion, what are the benefits of automated driving?

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Thank you very much for your participation!

You think automated driving sounds interesting

If you own a car, you love it. Moreover, you probably love to go on short weekend or holiday trips with it. You enjoy driving and prefer to drive yourself rather than having an automated car driving for you. As a real family person, you like to spend time with your beloved ones. You are open to new car technologies, but when it comes to spending money on state-of-the-art features, you probably prefer to wait until it becomes standard in the market.

“Well, let´s see what will happen.” is your relaxed motto. Addressing your interest in technology, we would like to show you some automated functions that are already in the market and support you in everyday traffic.

You think automated driving might be helpful

You are probably a practical-minded car buyer who appreciates functionality. You use the vehicle for shopping and going errands. Are you into cultural events? Reading? You seem to be a family-person who likes to spend time with his or her dears and friends.You are probably not too interested in the details of the technology that is in your car.

However, you are more into other things. Do you like visiting cultural events? Do you like reading? As your independence is quite important to you, some supporting functions for city driving could be helpful in everyday life. Perhaps you are interested in automated emergency braking systems or parking functions.

Automated driving sounds like really cool stuff to you

Your car is a like a good friend and everyday companion to you who probably gets tuned and redesigned every now and then. Change in life is totally fine for you and you have high interest in new technology, but it needs to be affordable.

You might say “Automated Driving? Could be fun!” As it seems that you have a high technical affinity, what do you think about the following systems?

You are probably one of the first to buy an automated car

You are enthusiastic about new technologies, feel well informed and like to share your knowledge with others. New ideas and ways of doing things are exciting for you. You would probably be one of the first to buy a highly or fully automated car.

Spending a little extra money is worth the experience of trying out new things first as you are not afraid of changes – you see them as chances. You probably know our driver assistance systems that are already on the market. So, take the opportunity to learn more about the mobility of the future.

Embracing safety for automated driving is most important to you

You love what you have achieved in life: your independence, your family and your job. Technology per se is not your first concern, but you carefully choose your safety related features when buying a car.

Your first impression could be “Automated Driving might be too unsafe.” We would like to recommend some helpful assistance features to you that can support you in your everyday life.

„Automated… what?“

You are probably a rare car user or do not even own a car. You enjoy life as it is and might not see the immediate necessity for technological advancements.

Nevertheless, we are happy you joined our survey and would like to invite you to our special website on automated driving.

These topics might be interesting for you

Driver drowsiness detection
 

Can detect the onset of drowsiness

Read more

Road sign assist
 

Identifies relevant road signs and shows them using icons in the dashboard display

Read more

Adaptive cruise control
 

Adapts the speed in line with the flow of traffic

Read more

Predictive emergency braking systems

Assists in avoiding rear-end collisions and mitigating the consequences

Read more

Lane keeping support
 

Actively assists the driver to remain in the marked lane

Read more

Predictive pedestrian protection

Helps to prevent collisions and to minimize accident severity

Read more

Park assist
 

Guides the vehicle into a suitable space

Read more

Left turn assist
 

Helps to prevent collisions with an oncoming vehicle when turning

Read more

Multi-camera system
 

For a better perspective when parking and maneuvering in challenging situations

Read more

Remote park assist
 

Can move the vehicle into and out of parking spaces

Read more

Traffic jam assist
 

Can automatically guide the vehicle in traffic jams

Read more

Highway assist
 

Partially automated driving on the highway

Read more

Home zone parking functions

The home zone park assist and the home zone park pilot simplify repetitive driving maneuvers into your own parking space through automation.

Read more

Side view assist
 

Keeping an eye on the blind spot

Read more

Lane change assist
 

Based on sensor data the system warns acoustically and / or haptically of imminent collisions when changing lanes.

Read more

Rear cross traffic alert
 

Warning of crossing vehicles when backing out of a parking space

Read more

Automated driving - From assistance systems to automated cars

Bosch paves the way for automated driving with key technologies for sensors, software, artificial intelligence, powertrain, steering, and braking.

Read more

Driver assistance systems for cars, commercial vehicles and two-wheelers

Bosch improves traffic safety and comfort with effective assistants for all vehicle classes.

Read more

Driver assistance systems for passenger cars
 

Car safety systems from Bosch, such as the predictive pedestrian protection, improve safety for all road users.

Read more

Sense, localize, monitor: Sensor systems for autonomous driving

Vehicle sensors from Bosch supply the data required for perception of the surroundings, vehicle localization and driver monitoring in automated cars.

Read more

Processing data, learning, planning: the vehicle computer becomes smart

Bosch equips vehicle computers and control units with artificial intelligence to learn, make predictions and calculate driving strategies.

Read more

Implementing the driving strategy: automated cars in action

Bosch enables the reliable implementation of driving maneuvers using smart vehicles with failsafe systems.

Read more
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Find out more about the mobility of the future

Driver assistance systems for cars, commercial vehicles and two-wheelers

Bosch improves traffic safety and comfort with effective assistants for all vehicle classes.

Read more

Driver assistance systems for passenger cars

Car safety systems from Bosch, such as the predictive pedestrian protection, improve safety for all road users.

Read more

Sense, localize, monitor: Sensor systems for autonomous driving

Vehicle sensors from Bosch supply the data required for perception of the surroundings, vehicle localization and driver monitoring in automated cars.

Read more

Processing data, learning, planning: the vehicle computer becomes smart

Bosch equips vehicle computers and control units with artificial intelligence to learn, make predictions and calculate driving strategies.

Read more

Implementing the driving strategy: automated cars in action

Bosch enables the reliable implementation of driving maneuvers using smart vehicles with failsafe systems.

Read more
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